Nearsightedness is best thought of as a stress adaptive disease, one that is acquired through sustained, repeated stress. Now, that's not a very widely held or even a popular idea, because almost ALL the docs out there have been told that myopia is genetic, that we get it from our parents. But the literature doesn't support that argument very strongly at all, even with identical twins. So, only about 25% of it may be closely connected to our parentage -- the rest of it is acquired, mostly by reading. The following publications all speak to this position.  
The Myopia About Nearsightedness -- a good place to start, it's  a handout that summarizes a lot of what we know.
 
The Control of Myopia -- more technical, a Q&A format for  parents, a brief review of the literature from the  early '80's.
 
Stress and Eye -- very technical, a review of the  psychophysiology (try saying THAT 5 times fast!) of stress  and how that relates to the structure of the eye and just  how previous theories fall under the umbrella of the concept.
 
Personality and Refractive Error -- a hypothesis presented at the 1995 Kraskin-Skeffington Invitational Symposium on Vision. Strictly graphical, easy to read, related to Stress and Eye.
Links to other sites on myopia: hit your browser "Back" button to return to here.  
 
The Bates Method :  William Bates was a turn-of-the-century ophthalmologist who got people to look at myopia as an acquired problem. His methods seem to center around stress reduction techniques. He made some illogical, silly assertions about the way the eye works and got professionally tarred and feathered (the baby got thrown out with the bathwater), even to this day.
 
The Myopia Prevention Page : much information here.
 
International Myopia Prevention Assoc.:
A volatile, pro-active voice for years, Donald Rehm has done his homework and has a preventive device available. Much background information, resources, Including his book, The Myopia Myth.
 
OEP: The Optometric Extension Program page. Much general information about the real differences between classic sight/eyeball approaches used by most MD's and non-developmental OD's versus the impact of vision on the BRAIN, as science has long since validated.  Some on Myopia.
 
COVD: *BROKEN LINK FOR NOW* CHECK MAIN SITE AT WWW.COVD.ORG
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